Cognitive reappraisal:


Counterfactual Thinking: The desire to have changed one’s actions in a past situation in lieu of a potential better outcome.





Forgiveness: The decision to let go of negative resentment-based emotions, cognitions, and behaviours and developing positive regard for an offender, be it compassion, sympathy, or pity.

Maximizing: a decision making strategy in which options are extensively searched and compared, with the goal of selecting the option that is the very best.

Mindfulness: Paying attention in a particular way: on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgmentally

(Kabat-Zinn 1994, p. 4).

Positive reappraisal:

Rumination: a general tendency for prolonged and repetitive thought about an experience.

Satisficing: a decision strategy in which an individual seeks an option that is “good enough” on key attributes of interest.

Savouring: The capacity to attend to, appreciate, and enhance the positive experiences in one’s life.



Values: A value is a life direction, an internal compass which guides us throughout life. Values are different to goals, which have an end-point. Values are directions we keep moving in, whereas goals are what we want to achieve along the way. Values are how you want to behave or act on an ongoing basis. Values are what we would like to be remembered for.